تعیین ارزش اقتصادی کارکردهای غیر استفاده‌ای پارک ملی بمو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

2 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

علی­رغم اهمیت بسیار زیاد اکوسیستم­ها، خدمات آن در تجزیه‌وتحلیل‌ها و تصمیمات مربوط به قراردادهای اقتصادی، کمتر از حد برآورد می­شود. چالش اصلی در مباحث مدیریت کلان منابع زیست‌محیطی، تضمین لحاظ نمودن ارزش واقعی خدمات و کارکردهای اکوسیستم در تمامی سطوح تصمیم­گیری در این حوزه است. در این مطالعه، به‌منظور تعیین ارزش کارکردهای غیر استفاده‌ای اکوسیستم مرتعی پارک ملی بمو و درنهایت ارزش­های وجودی، میراثی و انتخاب آن، از روش ارزش‌گذاری مشروط و استخراج داده­ها با استفاده از گزینش دوگانۀ دو حدی صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که متغیرهای پیشنهاد، اخلاق­گرایی-پیامدگرایی، جدید بودن اطلاعات بروشور، شدید بودن خسارت وارده به پارک، تمایل برای مشارکت، هدف حفظ حیات‌وحش و تنوع زیستی، هدف حفظ چشم­انداز و گردشگری، تحصیلات، درآمد ماهیانۀ خانوار، حداقل درآمد مورد انتظار خانوار، بعد خانوار و عضویت در سازمان­های مردم­نهاد از مهم‌ترین عوامل تأثیرگذار بر تمایل به پرداخت پاسخگویان جهت حفاظت از پارک ملی بمو است. همچنین متوسط تمایل به پرداخت برآورد شدۀ پاسخگویان 60329 ریال و ارزش کارکردهای غیر استفاده‌ای این پارک، 571/704 میلیارد ریال در سال 1391 است که به‌طور تقریبی معادل 26/0 درصد از تولید ناخالص داخلی استان فارس است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determining the economics value of non-use functions of Bamou National Park

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamid amiri nejad 1
  • kamal attaei slot 2
چکیده [English]

In spite of the immense importance of ecosystems, its services are underestimated in the analysis and decisions of economic contracts. The main challenge in environmental resource topics macro management is considering a guarantee of real value to services and ecosystem functions at all levels of decision-making in this area. In this study, Double-Bounded Dichotomous Choices Contingent Valuation is used for determining non-use grassland functions and finally existence, heritage and option values of Bamou National Park. Results show that bid, moralization-consequentiality, new information brochure, being a severe damages to the park, willingness to participate, the aim of preserving the wildlife and biodiversity, aim to maintain perspective and tourism, education, household monthly income, at least the expected household income, household size, membership in the NGO organizations are the most effective factors on responders willingness to pay for conservation of Bamou National Park. Also, the average willingness to pay estimated of responders are 60329 Rial and non-use function’s value of this park are 704.571 Billion Rial in 2011 which is approximately equivalent to 0.26 percent of GDP in Fars province.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economics value
  • non-use functions
  • Willingness to Pay
  • Double-Bounded Dichotomous Choices
  • Bamou National Park

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