تهیۀ نقشۀ پراکنش جغرافیایی مناطق مناسب دفن پسماند جامد شهری (مطالعۀ موردی: مراتع نازلوچای ارومیه)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی خاکشناسی، دانشگاه ارومیه

2 استادیار دانشکدۀ مهندسی کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه

3 استادیار پژوهشی بخش مرتع، موسسۀ تحقیقات جنگل‌ها و مراتع کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران

چکیده

افزایش رو به رشد جمعیت و به تبع آن افزایش روزافزون پسماندهای جامد شهری و روستایی اهمیت مدیریت پسماندهای جامد را دو چندان می‌کند. مکان‌یابی صحیح و اصولی پسماندها تأثیر بسزایی در مدیریت آن‌ها دارد. بنابراین، دراین پژوهش به منظور اولویت‌بندی مکان‌های مناسب دفن پسماند در مراتع نازلوچای ارومیه از سیستم‌های پشتیبانی تصمیم‌گیری شامل روش TOPSIS و AHP استفاده شد. مراحل این تحقیق شامل تعیین معیارهای مؤثر، تهیۀ نقشه‌های معیارها، تشکیل ماتریس تصمیم-گیری، تعیین وزن معیارها، محاسبۀ نرخ ناسازگاری، محاسبۀ راه حل ایده‌آل مثبت و راه حل ایده‌آل منفی، محاسبۀ نزدیکی نسبی به راه حل ایده آل مثبت، رتبه بندی زیرحوضه های مراتع نازلوچای ارومیه و در نهایت تهیۀ نقشۀ پراکنش جغرافیایی مناطق مناسب دفن پسماند جامد شهری بود. پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از بسته‌‌های نرم افزاری & TOPSIS EXPERT CHOISE و ARC GIS صورت گرفت. نتایج حاصل از تحقیق نشان داد که زیرحوضۀ B11 اولویت مناسب اول، زیرحوضۀ ABCDE-INT1 اولویت دوم و زیرحوضه‌های AFGH-INT،C1 ،B1-INT به ترتیب در اولویت‌های مناسب سوم تا پنجم قرار گرفتند و زیرحوضه های J3، J111 وJ11-INT با اولویت‌های چهل و یکم تا چهل و سوم، کمترین تناسب را جهت دفن پسماند داشتند. زیرحوضۀ B11 بیشترین میزان عمق خاک و عمق آب‌های زیرزمینی و کمترین میزان بارش، تعداد چاه، تراکم آب‌های سطحی، شیب و ارتفاع را نسبت به سایر حوضه‌ها دارد. همچنین بافت خاک این حوضه متوسط و کاربری فعلی آن رها شده است. در حالی‌که زیرحوضۀ J11-INT شرایط عکس را دارا است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Mapping the geographic distribution of suitable sites for waste landfill in Nazloochaei Urmia Rangeland

نویسندگان [English]

  • 1 1 1
  • 1 1 2
  • Mahshid Souri 3
1 1
2 1
3 Assistant Professor, Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran,
چکیده [English]

Increased population growth and consequent increasing rural and urban solid waste increases the importance of solid waste management. Site selection have an important influence on the waste management.Therefore ,in this study to prioritize suitable sites landfill Urmia Basin Nazloochaei Rangeland, decision-making support systems including TOPSIS and AHP method was used. Stages of this research consisted of the following processes including: determining effective criteria , provide maps of criteria , provide decision making matrix , weighting of criteria , calculating the rate of incompatibility, calculate the ideal solution both positive and negative ideal solution , calculated relative proximity to positive ideal solution, ranking of sub watersheds and ultimately Mapping the geographic distribution of suitable sites for municipal solid waste landfill in Nazloochaei Urmia Basin. This research was used by ARC GIS software, TOPSIS & EXPERT CHOISE. The results showed that the first appropriate priority and the second priority were B11 and ABCDE-INT1. The AFGH-INT, C1, B1-INT third to fifth respectively in the appropriate priorities were. J3, J111 and J11-INT with the priorities forty -first and forty -third, were the least fit to landfill. B11 have maximum depth of soil and groundwater and least amount of rainfall, the number of wells, surface water density, slope and height than the other sub watersheds. B11 soil texture is average and its current use is inutile. While J11-INT has the opposite conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Geographical distribution
  • Landfill Map
  • TOPSIS
  • AHP
  • Urmia Nazloochaei Rangeland

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