Alba, D, Barros, J., 2009. Deforestation in the Kayabi Indigenous Territory: Simulating and Predicting Land Use and Land Cover Change in the Brazilian Amazon. GEDS, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX.
Albalawneh, A., Chang, T.K., Huang, C.W., Mazahreh, S., 2015. Using Landscape Metrics Analysis and Analytical Hierarchy Process to Assess WaterHarvesting Potential Sites in Jordan, Environments, 2: 415-434.
Aldrich, J.H., Forrest, D.N., 1984. Linear, Probability, Logit, and Probit Models (in Series L Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences), (Newbury Park: Sage University Publication).
Arekhi, S. 2011. Modeling spatial pattern of deforestation using GIS and logistic regression: a case study of northern Ilam forests, Ilam province, Iran, African Journal of Biotechnology, 10,(72), 16236–16249.
Arekhi, S., 2015. Application of Landscape Metrics in Assessment of Landuse Changes Trend Using Remote Sensing and GIS, Case Study: Disert Area of Dehloran, Geography and Development, 40: 59-68. (In Persian).
Asgarian, A., Jabbarian Amiri, B. 2015. A survey of the effects of scale on the sensitivity of landscape matrics, Natural Environment, 68(3): 431-441.
Baatz, M, Schape, A., 1999. Object-oriented and multi-scale image analysis in semantic networks. Presented at the 2nd international symposium on operationalization of remote sensing, Enschede, Netherlands.
Bazyar, M., Bonyad, A., Babaie Kafaki, S., 2013. Study of most element of forest destruction by used the IRS-1C and LANDSAT image in the southern Zagros forest (Case study: Kohkeloeye and Boveirahmad province) . International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research (IJABBR), 1(1):35-44.
Bogaert, J., Ceulemans, R., Salvador-Van Eysenrode, D., 2004. Decision Tree Algorithm for Detection of Spatial Processes in Landscape Transformation. Environmental Management, 33(1): 62-73.
Botequilha, L., Ahern. J., 2002. Applying landscape ecological concepts and metrics in sustainable landscape planning. Landscape and Urban Planning, 59(2): 65-93.
Burchell, R., 1996. Economic and fiscal impacts of alternative land-use patterns. In The land use decision making process: its role in a sustainable future for Michigan. pp 9–10, East Lansing, Michigan.
Dendoncker, N., Bogaert, P., Rounsevell, M. 2006. A statistical method to downscale aggregate land use data, Journal of Land Use Science, 1(2): 63-82.
Drikvand, A.., Khosravi, M., Haidarpoure Monfared, A., Ahmadi, A., 2013. Investigation of forest area and density changes in Middle Zagros using aerial photos interpretation and GIS in the various distances of the village (a case study: Kakareza region, Lorestan province). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, 3(8): 42-48.
Fauth, P.T., Gustafson, E.J., Rabenold, K.N., 2000. Using landscape metrics to model source habitat for Neotropical migrants in the midwestern U.S. Landscape Ecology, 15(7): 621–631.
Gobattoni, F., Pelorosso, R., Leone, A., 2009. Assessing the effects of land use changes on soil erosion: a case study in Central Apennine (Italy). XXXIII CIOSTA - CIGR V Conference, Reggio Calabria, 1719- 1723.
Hess, G.R, 1994. Pattern and error in landscape ecology: acommentary. Landscape Ecology, 9: 3–5.
Hess, G.R., and Bay, J.M., 1997, Generating confidence intervals for composition-based landscape indexes. Landscape Ecology,12: 309–320.
Hosseini Vardaei, M., Mahinh, A.S., Monavari, S.M., Kheyrkhah Zarkesh, M.M., 2012. Application of Landscape Metrics in Cumulative ImpactAssessment of Road Network on Tree Cover, Natural Environment, Natural Resources of Iran, 65: 2, 139-152. (In Persian).
Iverson, L., 2007. Adequate data of known accuracy are critical to advancing the field of landscape ecology. In: Wu J, Hobbs R (eds) Key topics in landscape ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 11–38.
Jabbarian Amiri, B., Nakane, K., 2009. Modeling the Linkage Between River Water Quality and Landscape Metrics in the Chugoku District of Japan, Water Resource Management, 23: 931-956.
Karami, A., Feghhi, J., 2011. Quantitative evaluation oflandscape measures in the protection of Sustainable land use pattern (Case study: Kohgiloyeh and Boyer Ahmad), Ecology, 37: 60. (In Persian).
Karami, A., Feghhi, J., 2012. Controlling and comparison of north and south zagros land use using landscape ecology approach (case study: provinces of Kurdistan and Kohgiloyeh and Boyer Ahmad). Town And Country Planning, 4: 6, 5-34. (In Persian).
Khazaei, N., Azari Dehkordi, F., 2009. Forest landscape and ecological degradation assessment of sefidrod watershed using landscape ecological metrics, Environmental Sciences, 2: 55-64. (In Persian).
Kiyani, V., Feghhi, J., 2015. Investigation of Land use/cover of Sefidrood BasinUsing Landscape Ecology Metrics, Science and Technology of Environment, 17: 131-141. (In Persian).
Liu, Y., Nishiyama, S., Kusaka, T., 2003. Examining Landscape Dynamics at a Watershed Scale Using Landsat TM Imagery for Detection of Wintering Hooded Crane Decline in Yashiro, Japan. Environmental Management, 31(3): 365–376.
Lu, D., Weng, Q., 2007. A survey of image classification methods and techniques for improving classification performance. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 28(5): 823-870.
Matinfar, H. R., Shadman Roodposhti, M., 2012. Comparisons of object-oriented and pixel-based classification of land use/land cover types based on lansadsat7, ETM+ spectral bands (case study: arid region of iran). Annals of Biological Research, 3(8): 4045-4053.
Michalski, F., Peres, C.A., 2005. Anthropogenic determinants of primate and carnivore local extinctions in a fragmented forest landscape of southern Amazonia. Biological Conservation, 124(3): 383–396.
Mirzayi, M., Riyahi Bakhtiyari, A., Salman Mahini, A., Gholamalifard, M., 2013. Investigating the land cover changes in Mazandaran province using landscape ecology’s metrics between 1984 – 2010. Applied Ecology, 2(4): 37-54. (In Persian).
Mokhtari, Z., Soffianian, A.R., Khajeddin, S.J., Ziyaei, H.R., 2012. Quantification of Road Effects on Landscape Pattern of Isfahan City Using Gradient Analysis and Landscape Metrics, Geographical Research Quarterly, 27: 1, 17958-17978. (In Persian).
Moser, D., Zechmeister, H.G., Plutzar, C., Sauberer, N., Wrbka, T., Grabherr, G., 2002. Landscape patch shape complexity as an effective measure for plant species richness in rural landscapes. Landscape Ecology, 17: 657–669.
Narumalani, S., Mishra, D., Rothwell, R., 2004. Change detection and landscape metrics for inferring anthropogenic processes in the greater EFMO area. Remote Sensing of Environment, 91: 478-489.
Olsen, L. M., Dale, V., Foster, T., 2006. Landscape patterns as indicators of ecological change at Fort Benning, Georgia, USA. Landscape and Urban Planning, 79: 137–149.
Overgaard, H.J., Ekbom, B., Suwonkerd, W., Takagi, M., 2003. Effect of landscape structure on anopheline mosquito density and diversity in northern Thailand: Implications for malaria transmission and control. Landscape Ecology, 18:605–619.
Paudel, S., Yuan, F., 2012. Assessing landscape changes and dynamics using patch analysis and GIS modeling. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformatic, 16(66-76).
Platt, R., Rapoza, L., 2008. An evaluation of an object-oriented paradigm for land use/land cover classification. The Professional Geographer, 60: 87-100.
Salajegheh, B., Monavari, S.M., Karbasi, A., Khorasani, N., Shariat, M., 2014. Analysis of Land Degradation Usin Change Detection and Landscape Metrics (Case Study: Kish Island), Special Edition of Environmental Research, 99-110. (In Persian).
Shao, G., and Wu, J., 2008. On the Accuracy of Landscape Pattern analysis using Remote Sensing data. Landscape Ecology, 23: 505-511.
Talebi Amiri, Sh., Azari Dehkordi, F., Sadeghi, S.H., Soofbaf, S.R., 2009. Study on Landscape Degradation in Neka Watershed Using Landscape Metrics, Environmental Sciences, 3(6): 133-144. (In Persian).
Uuemma, E., Roosaare, J., Mander, U., 2007. Landscape Metrics as Indicators of River Water Quality at Catchment Scale, Nordic Hydrology, 38: 2, 125-138.
Vaz, E., Noronha, T.D., Nijkamp, P., 2014. Explanatory Landscape Metrics for Agricultural Sustainability, Agroecology and Sustainable Food System, 39: 92-108.
Uuemma, E., Mander, U., Marja, R., 2013. Trends in the Use of Landscape Spatial Metrics as Landscape Indicators: A Review, Ecological Indicator, 1277-1284.
Weber, N., 2015. Using Lamndscape Metrics to assess traffic noise, air pollution and temperature condition, Ph.D Desertation, 7 April 2015.
Wu, J., Hobbs, R., 2002. Key issues and research priorities in landscape ecology. Landscape Ecology, 17: 355–365.
Wu, M.Y., Xue, L., Jin, W.B., Xiong, Q.X., Ai, T.C., Li, B.L., 2012. Modeling the Linkage Between Landscape Metrics and Water Quality Indices of Hydrological Units in Sihu Basin, Hubei Province, China: An Allometric Model, The 18th Biennial Conference of International Society for EcologicalModeling, Procedia Environmental Science, 13: 2131-2145.
Zebardast , L., Yavari , A.R. , Salehi , E., Makhdoum. M., 2011. Application of effective mesh size metric for the analysis of forest habitat fragmentation inside the defined road effect zone of Golestan national park. Environmental Studies, 37(58): 15-20. (In Persian).