ارزیابی شرایط آسایش اقلیمی پناهگاه حیات وحش میانکاله برای توسعة گردشگری طبیعت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد محیط‏زیست، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

2 دانشیار دانشکدة منابع طبیعی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

3 استادیار دانشکدة منابع طبیعی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

چکیده

بررسی شرایط آسایش اقلیمی مناطق یکی از عوامل مؤثر در برنامه‏ریزی اکوتوریسم به‌شمار می‏رود. درواقع، اقلیم از عناصر بسیار مهم در شناسایی ارزش تفرجی محیط است. برای برنامه‏ریزی و مدیریت بهتر اکوتوریسم فقط توجه به ارزش‏های زیباشناختی محیط کافی نیست، بلکه شناسایی تأثیرات اقلیمی منطقه بر گردشگران حائز اهمیت است. در این مطالعه، برای بررسی شرایط آسایش اقلیمی پناهگاه حیات‏وحش میانکاله در شمال ایران از دو شاخص بیکر و اقلیم گردشگری (TCI) بهره گرفته شد. بدین منظور، از آمار نرمال اقلیمی محاسبه‌شدة 3 ایستگاه سینوپتیک در منطقه در طول دورة آماری 1380ـ1390 استفاده شد. نتایج نشان می‏دهد وضعیت آسایش اقلیمی منطقه در طول سال متغیر و در بیشتر ماه‏های سال برای استفادة گردشگری قابل تحمل است. بر‌اساس نتایج دو روش، که تا حدودی هم‌پوشانی دارند، بهترین زمان گردشگری در پناهگاه حیات وحش میانکاله در ماه‏های اردیبهشت، خرداد، تیر، مرداد، شهریور و مهر ارزیابی می‏شود. در بقیة ماه‏های سال برای گردشگری به تمهیداتی جهت رفع مزاحمت‏های اقلیمی همچون سرمایش هوا نیاز است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of bioclimatic comfort condition in Miankale wildlife refuge for ecoturism development

نویسندگان [English]

  • Malihe Msoodi 1
  • Abdolrasoul Salman mahiny 2
  • Marjan Mohammadzadeh 3
  • Seyed Hamed Mirkarimi 3
1 MSc. Graduate in Environmental Science, Gorgan university of Agricultural and Natural resources, Gorgan, Iran
2 Assoc. Prof., Faculty of Environment science, Gorgan University of Agricultural and Natural resources, Gorgan, Iran
3 Assoc. Prof., Faculty of Environment science, Gorgan University of Agricultural and Natural resources, Gorgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The recognition of human bioclimatic comfort in geographical area is an important factor for planning of ecotourism. Climate is a very important component to identify natural landscape values. For better planning and management of landscape units such as recreational purposes, there is a need for emphasis on the visual aesthetic aspects, and also for understanding the climatic effects on recreation-seeking humans. Becker and TCI are models for assessment of human bioclimatic comfort and for this research both have been used for MianKaleh wildlife refuge. Climatic normal statistics were gathered from three synoptic stations covering the period 2001-2011. The result showed that bioclimatic comfort in the study area changed during the year from tolerable to excellent condition. Optimal conditions were seen in May, June, July, August, September and October. In the remaining months of the year we need measures to eliminate discomfort brouth about by inclement climatic conditions such as cold air for tourism.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Bioclimatic comfort"
  • "ecoturism"
  • "Becker Index"
  • "TCI Index"
  • "Miankaleh wildlife refuge"
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