ارزیابی فرایند پایداری در سطوح محلی بر‌اساس رویکرد IUCN مطالعة نمونه: ناحیة عرفی منج در شهرستان لردگان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه جنگلداری و اقتصاد جنگل، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه جنگلداری و اقتصاد جنگل، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، ایران

3 استاد گروه جنگلداری و اقتصاد جنگل، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، ایران

4 استادیار گروه جنگلداری و اقتصاد جنگل، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

اجزای بنیادی تشکیل‌دهندۀ واحدهای برنامه‌ریزی در سطوح ملی و بین‌المللی، نواحی محلی است که نخستین پایه‌های تمرکز یا عدم تمرکز پایداری توسعه در آن‌ها شکل می‌گیرد. در این مطالعه، با به‌کارگیری مدل نظام‏مند و یکپارچۀ ارزیابی پایداری اتحادیۀ بین‌المللی حفاظت از طبیعت (IUCN)، وضعیت پایداری ناحیة عرفی منج در گسترۀ جنگل‏های شهرستان لردگان در استان چهارمحال و بختیاری سنجیده شد. در این رویکرد، 7 مرحله شامل تعیین هدف ارزیابی، مشخص‌کردن سیستم و قلمرو، تعیین ابعاد و عناصر پایداری، انتخاب معیارها و شاخص‏ها، طبقه‏بندی و سنجش شاخص‏ها، تلفیق شاخص‏های هر سیستم و در‌نهایت ترسیم بارومتر پایداری مورد توجه قرار گرفت. مطابق این بررسی، در قالب 2 سیستم طبیعی و انسانی، 4 بعد پوشش زمین، استفاده از منابع، ثروت و جمعیت به‌منزلۀ ابعاد و 7 معیار و 19 شاخص برای سنجش پایداری منطقه استفاده شد. بر‌اساس نتایج سنجش شاخص‏ها، که از روش ارزیابی مبتنی بر نظر کارشناسان محلی استفاده شد، 48 درصد کل شاخص‏های بررسی‌شده و 66 درصد شاخص‏های سیستم طبیعی در وضعیت ناپایدار و تقریباً ناپایدار قرار دارند. شاخص‏های برداشت چوب هیزمی، زراعت زیر اشکوب و دام در جنگل در وضعیت ناپایدار قرار دارند. تحلیل نتایج و بارومتر پایداری نشان داد در شرایط کنونی وضعیت پایداری در ناحیة عرفی بررسی‌شده در حالت تقریباً ناپایدار واقع شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sustainability Assessment Process at the Local Level Based on IUCN Approach (Case Study: Mondje Customary Region in Lordegan Township)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Beytollah Mahmoudi 1
  • Jahangir Feghhi 2
  • Majid Makhdoum 3
  • Mohamad Aatefi Hemat 4
1 PhD Candidate, Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, I. R. Iran
2 Associate professor, Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, I. R. Iran
3 Professor, Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, I. R. Iran
4 Assistant professor, Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, I. R. Iran
چکیده [English]

Local areas are fundamental constituent parts of planning at national and international levels. These areas are the first foundation of centraliozation and non-centralization of sustainable development.In the present study, the consistency condition of customary areas in Mondje region, located in Lordegan city- Chahar Mahal Bakhteyari province, was assessed using of the IUCN model. In this approach, seven stage including determination of assessment target, showing of systems, clarify of consistency dimensions and elements, selection of criteria and indicators, categorize and measurement of indicators, combine indicators for each system and mapping of sustainability barometer, were considered. In this study, two human and natural systems, four dimensions of land cover, using of resources, wilth and population, as different dimensions, and seven criteria with ninteen indicators were regarded to the assessment of region consistency. On basis of the results of indicators assessment, pay attention to local experts opinion, 48 % of all indicators and 66 % in natural system are unstable and almost unstable. The indicators of firewood, farming in the forest and livestock are in unstable situation.The results and barometer analysis showed that the consistency condition in study area is as unstable.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainability Assessment
  • IUCN Approach
  • Sustainability Barometer
  • Customary Region
  • Lordegan Township
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