عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Although host species generally face increased risk of brood parasitism in fragmented temperate landscapes and forest edge, little information exists to assess such risks in tropical birds. We studied how Cuculidae species populations, host species population, and micro-environmental variables changed along an edge-to-interior gradient in Peninsular Malaysia. Bird observations and environmental variables, including vegetation structure and microclimatic measurements were made within a 25 m radius of each of 105 sampling points. The most pronounced changes in host-brood parasite bird community occurred within 400 m of the forest edge. Based on bird-habitat associations along the edge-interior gradient, three groups of birds were distinguished. The first group, including Indian Cuckoo and Plaintive Cuckoo, was positively correlated with abundance of some edge specialist babblers such as Striped Tit-babbler and Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler at 25-200 m from the forest edge. The second group, including Drongo Cuckoo and Banded bay Cuckoo, showed positive correlation with the abundance of Greater Racket-tailed Drongo and Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo at 400 m from the forest edge. The third group, including Rufous-bellied Malkoha, Black-bellied Malkoha, and Green-billed Malkoha, did not show any detectable correlation with distance from the edge. The fact that the forest edge has a high population of brood parasites compare to the interior is cause for concern. From conservation perspective, protection of large lowland forest remnants with a low proportion of edge is recommended.