انتخاب زیستگاه مناسب برای انتقال ماهی کور ایرانی (Iranocypris typhlops)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه محیط زیست، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، ایران

2 گروه محیط زیست، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

3 گروه علوم جانوری، دانشکدۀ زیست‌شناسی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

4 گروه محیط زیست، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه گرگان، ایران

5 گروه بیوتکنولوژی، دانشکدۀ کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

ماهی کور ایرانی Bruun & Kaiser, 1944) Iranocypristyphlops) یکی از گونه‏های آندمیک و بسیار کمیاب ایران است که دامنۀ پراکنش آن محدود به زیستگاه غار ‌ماهی کور در استان لرستان، شهرستان خرم‌آباد است. مطابق فهرست قرمز اتحادیۀ بین‏المللی حفاظت از طبیعت و منابع‏ طبیعی این گونه در وضعیت آسیب‏پذیر قرار دارد. این زیستگاه به‌رغم منحصر‌به‌فرد بودن، خود با تهدیدات انسانی و طبیعی زیادی روبه‌رو‌ست و نابودی این زیستگاه به معنای نابودی این گونۀ منحصر‌به‌فرد ایران خواهد بود. بر این اساس یکی از اولویت‏های پژوهشی در راستای تحقق هدف حفاظت می‏تواند امکان‏سنجی معرفی این گونه به زیستگاه یا زیستگاه‏های دیگر باشد. از این‌رو در مطالعۀ حاضر سعی شد با بهره‏گیری از روش تحلیل شبکه به اولویت‏بندی زیستگاه‏های موجود در استان لرستان برای انتقال این گونه پرداخته شود. به این منظور از عوامل محیطی (شامل پارامترهای فیزیکی و شیمیایی آب و تراکم پلانکتونی) و عوامل انسانی (شامل مدیریت منطقه، بومیان و گردشگران) استفاده شد. برای پارامترهای محیطی از ضریب تشابه فاصلۀ اقلیدوسی زیستگاه‏های پیشنهادی با زیستگاه بومی این گونه و برای عوامل انسانی از مقایسه‏های زوجی استفاده شد. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد غار زرین‏آباد در خرم‌آباد بیشترین اولویت برای انتقال این گونه را دارد. این غار همچنین پتانسیل بالایی برای جذب گردشگر در منطقه دارد. در مورد انتقال این گونه نیز اگر‌چه هدف نجات خود گونه است در کنار آن می‏تواند زمینه‏ساز احیا و توسعۀ گردشگری در منطقه باشد و رواج گردشگری در منطقه سبب بهبود وضعیت اقتصادی مردم بومی می‌شود که می‏تواند برای مردم بومی انگیزۀ مهمی برای حفاظت از این گونه باشد. نتایج مطالعۀ حاضر می‏تواند مدیران حیات ‏وحش را در زمینۀ انتقال این گونه یاری رساند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Habitat selection for translocation of Iranian cave barb (Iranocypris typhlops)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azita Farashi 1
  • Mohamad Kaboli 2
  • Hasan Rahimian 3
  • Hamidreza Rezaii 4
  • Mohamadreza Nagavi 5
1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources and environment, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Iran.
3 Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Tehran, Iran.
4 Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources, Gorgan University, Iran
5 Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Iranian cave barb (Iranocypris typhlops, Bruun and Kaiser, 1944)is one of thevery rareandendemicspeciesof Iran. Its distributionrangeislimitedina habitat that causes some problems for its conservation. Thisuniquehabitatfaces somenatural and humanthreatsand the habitatdestructionmeansthe extinctionof the species. Based on, habitat selection for translocation of the species is an important objective. Hence,Analytic Network Process (ANP) was used toprioritizehabitats for translocation. Environmental factors(includingphysical and chemical parametersof waterand the plankton density) and human factors(including management, local peopleandtourists) were used. Euclidian distancesimilarity coefficient for environmental parametersandpairedcomparisons for the humanfactors was used. The resultsshowed thatZarianabad cave in Khorram-abadcity has highestpriority for. The cavealso has thepotential toattract touristsinthe area. Althoughthe goal of the translocation is the species conservation but also it can develop of tourismin the area. Tourism development can improve theeconomic situationof local peoplein the area, which could bean importantincentiveforlocal peoplesforthe speciesconservation. The resultsof this studycanbe guidance for wildlife managers for the species translocation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Analytic Network Process
  • Habitat use
  • Conservation
  • Lorestan
  • Wildlife translocation

 

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