Site selection for waste transfer station in Karaj county, Alborz province

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.


Population growth with the growth of urban communities has been increased consumer demand and waste production. Waste collection and transportation, as the most expensive element in the waste management system, is so important that a slight change in the cost of management process will reduce the related costs in the waste management system. Among these, transfer stations, as facilities that reduce the costs of collection and transportation, are particular importance. The aim of this study is to select a suitable site for the construction of a waste transfer station and then prioritize suitable options in Karaj. The innovation of this research is in the number of criteria and sub-criteria used for locating and prioritizing options. After setting the major criteria and sub-criteria related to the location of the waste transfer station in this city, their maps were prepared. A total of 3 criteria and 14 sub-criteria were used in this study, then the prepared maps were standardized to a range of [0, 1] and the weight of each criterion and sub-criterion was determined using the pairwise comparison method. The weighted linear combination method was used to prepare the suitability map. The results showed that the major criteria for choosing the transfer station were the boundaries and distances, followed by the physical criteria of land and land use. Then 10 options were selected as the final option and 2 criteria of future development plans and land price were also added to the research and the options were prioritized using the TOPSIS method and the most suitable option with an area of more than 4 hectares was selected in 4 regions. The approach used in this research can be used in other cities.


Ağaçsapan, B., Çabuk, S.N., 2020. Determination of suitable waste transfer station areas for sustainable territories: Eskisehir case. Sustainable Cities and Society 52, 101829.
Ahangari, F., 2017. The role of transfer stations in the collection and transportation of municipal waste. Journal of Science and Engineering Elites 2(5), 73-89. (In Persian)
Almodaresi, A., Mohammadopur, M., 2014. Locating suitable areas for waste burial using fuzzy logic and hierarchical analysis (Study area: Yazd city). The first national environment conference. Pp: 1-11. (In Persian)
Bosompem, C., Stemn, E. and Fei-Baffoe, B., 2016. Multi-criteria GIS-based siting of transfer station for municipal solid waste: The case of Kumasi Metropolitan Area, Ghana. Waste Management & Research 34(10), 1054-1063
Chen, S.J., Hwang, C.L., 1992. Fuzzy multiple attribute decision making methods. In Fuzzy multiple attribute decision making (pp. 289-486). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Eastman, J.R., 2009. Guide to GIS and Image Processing, IDRISI Tiga (manual version 16). edn. Clarke Lab: University of Clarke, Worcester, MA: Clarke Lab.
Karaj Municipality., 2018. Studies of Karaj city waste management master plan. 850 p. (In Persian)
Kharat, M.G., Kamble, S.J., Raut, R.D., Kamble, S.S. and Dhume, S.M., 2016. Modeling landfill site selection using an integrated fuzzy MCDM approach. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 2, 1-16.
Khorasani, N. Rafiee, R., 2006. Comparison of two methods of direct transfer and establishment of transfer stations in the urban solid waste management system. National Conference on Urban Planning and Management, Mashhad. Pp: 881-895 (In Persian)
Li, X., Li, G., Sun, G. and Shi, H., 2013. Research on layout optimization of urban circle solid waste transfer and disposal stations. Journal of Networks, 8(8), 1803-1809.
Lin, Z., Xie, Q., Feng, Y., Zhang, P. and Yao, P., 2020. Towards a robust facility location model for construction and demolition waste transfer stations under uncertain environment: The case of Chongqing. Waste Management 105, 73-83.
Majlesi, M., Zamani, A., Fayyaz pour, M., Shamsaei, V., Sharifi, H., 2013. Analysis of the cost of waste collection and transportation in the 1st area of ​​Bandar Abbas city. Journal of health in the field. 1(1), 37-45 (In Persian)
Mobarghaee, N., Ghasempour, N., 2013. Application of Weighted Linear Combination (WLC) and Analysis Hierarchy (AHP) method in locating municipal waste landfill. The 2nd conference on Environmental Planning and Management (EPM).pp. 1-12. (In Persia)
Moghimi Kandlousy, A., Mohebbi Tafreshi, A., Mohebbi Tafreshi., 2018. Locating appropriate areas of municipal waste landfill using TOPSIS method (Case study: Langroud County). Iranian Journal of Research in Environmental Health 4(2), 112-128. (In Persian)
Nilchiyan, S., 2002. Site Selection of Transfer Station and Collection Centers of Municipal Solid Waste Management System by Using GIS. Unpublished M. Sc. Thesis, University of Tehran, 187 p. (In Persian)
Pahlavan, R., Omid, M., Akram, A., Nazari, A., 2017. Locating the urban solid waste recycling station in Karaj city using GIS with the help of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and fuzzy logic. Journal of Biosystem Engineering of Iran (Agricultural Sciences of Iran) 48(1), 145-153 (In Persian)
Rafiee, R., Khorasani, N., Mahiny, A.S., Darvishsefat, A.A., Danekar, A. and Hasan, S.E., 2011. Siting transfer stations for municipal solid waste using a spatial multi-criteria analysis. Environmental & Engineering Geoscience 17(2), 143-154.
Shoaiee, M., Rahmani, D., 2020. Evaluation of waste collection stations in Tehran using the combination of fuzzy hierarchical analysis and TOPSIS methods. 1st international conference on challenges and new solutions in Industrial Engineering and Management and Accounting. pp: 1-17 (In Persian)
Shorabi, R., Najafi, A., Hassani, M., Haddad, M., 2012. Investigating the location criteria of waste transfer stations in Mashhad city. The first national conference on urban services and environment. pp: 1-21. (In Persian)
Statistical Center of Iran., 2022. Available from (In Persian)
Vaeziheir, A., 2019. Locating urban waste transfer stations with emphasis on environmental issues. The 6th National Congress of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Urban Development, Tehran. pp. 1-13. (In Persian)
Yadav, V., Kalbar, P.P., Karmakar, S. and Dikshit, A.K., 2020. A two-stage multi-attribute decision-making model for selecting appropriate locations of waste transfer stations in urban centers. Waste Management 114, 80-88.