Evaluation of sustainable management of urban transportation with environmental sustainability approach (Case study: district 12 of Tehran metropolis)

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Environment , Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, Tehran University of Research Sciences,Tehran, Iran


Transportation is one of the main aspects of urban life, and organizing transportation is one of the basic needs of a healthy city. Dealing with sustainable development in transportation is very important due to human's basic concerns in the field of loss of resources, environmental pollution, and dangerous phenomena such as global warming, greenhouse effect, and air inversion. In this regard, the present study was prepared with the aim of evaluating the sustainable management of intra-city transportation with the approach of environmental sustainability. The research method is analytical-descriptive and the data was collected through library and field studies. The components of the research include economic, social, environmental-ecological, and functional-physical, which have been operationalized in the form of a survey questionnaire. Descriptive statistics (frequency distribution, mean, standard deviation, and dispersion coefficient) and inferential statistics (one-sample T-test) were used to analyze the data. The statistical population is the total population of the citizens of District 12 of Tehran municipality (240,720 people), and a sample of 400 people was randomly questioned. The average of the sustainable management variable of intra-city transportation is 2.96 with a stable level, the average of the economic component is 3.31 with a semi-stable level, the average of the social component is 3.01 with a semi-stable level, the average of the environmental-ecological component is 2.49 with an unstable level, and finally, the average of the physical component is 2.8 performance has been evaluated as a semi-stable level. Also, the results in the inferential part indicate that the sustainable management of intra-city transportation in the economic and physical-functional components is not in line with the sustainability of the urban environment and the social and environmental-ecological components are not in line with the sustainability of the urban environment. The sustainable management of transportation in the 12th district of the Tehran metropolis is not in line with the sustainability of the urban environment. In this regard, the suggestions presented in this research can be effective in the decision-making of urban transportation management to achieve environmentally sustainable transportation.


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