Conley, K., Clum, A., Deepe, J., Lane, H., Beckingham, B., 2019. Wastewater treatment plants as a source of microplastics to an urban estuary: Removal efficiencies and loading per capita over one year. Water Research X 3, 100030
European Commission, 2013. Guidance on monitoring of marine litter in European seas. A guidance document within the common implementation strategy for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. European Commission, Joint Research Centre, MSFD Technical Subgroup on Marine Litter, Ispra.
GESAMP, 2015. Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment: a global assessment. Reports and Studies 90. London: IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/UNIDO/WMO/IAEA/UN/UNEP/ UNDP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection.
Hidalgo-Ruz, V., Gutow, L., Thompson, R.C. and Thiel, M., 2012. Microplastics in the marine environment: a review of the methods used for identification and quantification. Environmental Science & Technology 46(6), 3060-3075.
Horton, A.A., Svendsen, C., Williams, R.J., Spurgeon, D.J., Lahive, E., 2017. Large microplastic particles in sediments of tributaries of the River Thames, UK–Abundance, sources and methods for effective quantification. Marine Pollution Bulletin 114(1), 218-226.
Imhof, H.K., Ivleva, N.P., Schmid, J., Niessner, R., Laforsch, C., 2013. Contamination of beach sediments of a subalpine lake with microplastic particles. Current Biology 23(19), R867-R868.
Klein, S., Dimzon, I.K., Eubeler, J., Knepper, T.P., 2018. Analysis, occurrence, and degradation of microplastics in the aqueous environment. In Freshwater Microplastics (pp. 51-67). Springer, Cham
Klein, S., Worch, E., Knepper, T.P., 2015. Occurrence and spatial distribution of microplastics in river shore sediments of the Rhine-Main area in Germany. Environmental Science & Technology 49(10), 6070-6076.
Leslie, H.A., Brandsma, S.H., Van Velzen, M.J.M., Vethaak, A.D., 2017. Microplastics en route: Field measurements in the Dutch river delta and Amsterdam canals, wastewater treatment plants, North Sea sediments and biota. Environment International 101, 133-142.
Lee, H., Kim, Y., 2017. Microplastics Behavior at Sewage Treatment Facilities. In Proceedings of the Annual Conference of Japan Society of Material Cycles and Waste Management The 28th Annual Conference of Japan Society of Material Cycles and Waste Management (p. 535). Japan Society of Material Cycles and Waste Management.
Lebreton, L.C., Van der Zwet, J., Damsteeg, J.W., Slat, B., Andrady, A., Reisser, J., 2017. River plastic emissions to the world’s oceans. Nature Communications 8, 15611.
Murphy, F., Ewins, C., Carbonnier, F., Quinn, B., 2016. Wastewater treatment works (WwTW) as a source of microplastics in the aquatic environment. Environmental Science & Technology 50, 5800-5808.
Mahon, A.M., Officer, R., Nash, R., O’Connor, I., 2014. Scope, fate, risks and impacts of microplastic pollution in Irish freshwater systems. Epa Research Programme, 2020.
Moore, C.J., 2008. Synthetic polymers in the marine environment: a rapidly increasing, long-term threat. Environmental Research 108(2), 131-139.
Napper, I.E. and Thompson, R.C., 2016. Release of synthetic microplastic plastic fibres from domestic washing machines: effects of fabric type and washing conditions. Marine Pollution Bulletin 112(1), 39-45.
Nizzetto, L., Bussi, G., Futter, M.N., Butterfield, D., Whitehead, P.G., 2016. A theoretical assessment of microplastic transport in river catchments and their retention by soils and river sediments. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts,18(8), 1050-1059.
Plastics-the Facts,2013. An Analysis of European Latest Plastics Production, Demand and Waste Data, p. 40 (Plastics Europe, Association of Plastic Manufacturers: Brussels).
Plastics Europe. 2015. Plastics – the Facts, An Analysis of European Latest Plastics Production, Demand and Waste Data. http://www.plasticseurope.org
Praveena, S.M., Shaifuddin, S.N.M. and Akizuki, S., 2018. Exploration of microplastics from personal care and cosmetic products and its estimated emissions to marine environment: An evidence from Malaysia. Marine pollution Bulletin 136, 135-140.
Rodrigues, M.O., Abrantes, N., Gonçalves, F.J.M., Nogueira, H., Marques, J.C., Gonçalves, A.M.M., 2018. Spatial and temporal distribution of microplastics in water and sediments of a freshwater system (Antuã River, Portugal). Science of The Total Environment 633,1549-1559.
Thompson, R.C., Olsen, Y., Mitchell, R.P., Davis, A., Rowland, S.J., John, A.W., Russell, A.E., 2004. Lost at sea: where is all the plastic?. Science 304(5672), 838-838.
Vollertsen, J., Hansen, A.A. 2017. Microplastic in Danish wastewater: Sources, occurrences and fate. press, Danish Environmental Protection Agency.
Wagner, M., Scherer, C., Alvarez-Muñoz, D., Brennholt, N., Bourrain, X., Buchinger, S., Fries, E., Grosbois, C., Klasmeier, J., Marti, T., Rodriguez-Mozaz, S., 2014. Microplastics in freshwater ecosystems: what we know and what we need to know. Environmental Sciences Europe 26(1), 12.
Zhang, K., Shi, H., Peng, J., Wang, Y., Xiong, X., Wu, C., Lam, P.K., 2018. Microplastic pollution in China's inland water systems: A review of findings, methods, characteristics, effects, and management. Science of the Total Environment 630, 1641-1653.