Comparison and Environmental Impact Assessment of soil and stone mines in the city of Qaen by the RIAM matrix

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Birjand, Iran.

2 Birjand Municipality, South Khorasan, Iran


Mining has an impact on changing the landscape, soil quality and water resources. Hence, assessing environmental impacts on ecological, economic and social sections of mineral projects and other developmental plans will help to identify, predict and mitigate the consequences of such operations. Cain's Cement Plant supplies primary raw materials for the production of cement from two mining and quarrying mines. After recognizing the different phases of the project, four physical-chemical, biological-ecological, socio-cultural, and economic-technical environments were identified. The evaluation and analysis of these effects was carried out using RIAM software and Rapid Assessment Matrix (RIAM) in the exploitation phase. The highest negative impact of the soil mine mining project was -81(Related to the parameters of the biological-ecological environment) and the highest positive effect was 36+ (In the Sociological -cultural environment of the soil mine), with the highest negative points related to the parameters of the biological and ecological environment of the soil mine. Also, in the Stone mining, the most negative points with -54 were physical chemical parameters and the highest positive scores with 36+ were related to economic parameters. The results indicate a multitude of negative effects in these mines, with the necessary corrections such as the use of environmental improvement methods, the development and creation of green areas and trees around the mines as green belts and the soil stabilization of the studied areas are reduced.


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