The differentiation of stockholders of the conventional and bio-agricultural system in Alborz province

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Crop Sciences, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences &Natural Resources

2 Department of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran

3 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran


Nowadays bio-agriculture as an alternative to conventional agriculture with decreasing environmental Nowadays bio-agriculture as an alternative to conventional agriculture with decreasing environmental hazards is one of the solutions to .reduce environmental problems and Community health. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the differentiation of stockholders of a conventional and bio-agricultural system in Alborz province. The statistical population of this research consisted of all farmers in Alborz province (N=8312) which selected by proportional stratified random sampling method and 148 farmers (103traditionaaal farmers and 45 biofarmers) were selected as a sample. Data were collected by a questionnaire including demographic and economic that validity of it was obtained by a panel of experts. The results showed that the majority of biological farmers were urban residents and younger in comparison with conventional farmers. Also, all of the biological farmers were literate. The results of t-test showed that there was a significant difference between two groups of biological and conventional farmers regarding age, education level, cultivated area, income level, and agricultural experience. The results of the discriminant analysis showed that the age and cultivated area respectively were the most important in differentiating between the biological farmers and the conventional farmers. Therefore, encouraging rural youth and carrying out agricultural activities by them should be taken into consideration.


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