Prediction model of citizens' satisfaction in urban parks using artificial neural network

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Msc student of Natural Resources - and Environmental Sciences Department, College of Environment, Karaj

2 Faculty member of Natural Environment and Biodiversity Department, College of Environment, Karaj

3 Faculty member of Environment Department, College of Natural Resources, University of Tehran


Parks and green spaces are one of the most important elements of cities. The design and function of urban parks should be in line with the requirements of urban life and in response to the needs of citizens, as this can be used to create a healthy urban environment. The purpose of this research is to model the satisfaction of urban parks visitors using the artificial neural network. In this study, a multi-layer perceptron network was used to process the data with the intelligent neural network tool. First, 103 urban parks were selected in Karaj and Tehran, and information about regional, service and aesthetic variables was collected in all parks. Then, the collected data was considered as network input and the results of satisfaction level assessment as network output. The value of determination coefficient (R2) in this study was 0.72 which indicates the suitability of artificial neural network for satisfaction modeling in urban parks. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that variables of landscape quality, number of sports fields, food centers, and barbeque have had the most impact on satisfaction of urban parks. Therefore, in planning and managing public places such as urban green spaces, consideration of users' perceptions of the environment should be highlighted.


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