Development of a Model for Development Planning Emphasizing on Environment, Energy and Economy Based on Analytical Hierarchy process and Goal Programming

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant professor, Head of Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, University of Qom, Head of ICT Center, University of Qom,

2 Master of Industrial Engineering at the University of Qom


Planning for balanced development requires implementing suitable integrated policies in different sections like economy, environment, energy and social criteria. Some of goals of each section are in conflict with other sections. Goal programming is one of subcategories of multi-criteria decision analysis methods, when we have multiple conflicting goals. In this paper, a weighted goal programming model is suggested to target growth rate of gross domestic product, electricity consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. It is note that, the efficient allocation of resources in each direction, is integrated with the others. Also, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used for calculating weights of goal programming model. Based on the obtained results, weights greenhouse gas emissions, gross domestic product, employment and energy consumption were 0/433, 0/258, 0/181 and 0/126 respectively. The proposed model is validated using key sectors of Iranian economy with regard to development goals in the fifth development prospect document. Based on the solution of this model, we have found that the only Goal for consumption energy has not been achieved and the variable of deviation from the undesirable Goal of 3576128 GWh has been obtained, which suggests that in the coming years to achieve the set goals In the areas of interest we will need a lot of energy, and if we do not make changes in our behavior in terms of energy consumption, we will face a lot of energy and environmental problems.


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