Hydrological Effects of Forest selective harvesting on runoff and sediment yields (case study: Kheyrud Forest)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 a

2 q


Reduction of vegetative cover by forest harvesting generally increases the average surface runoff volume and sediment yield for a given area of land. Forest harvesting in northern forests of Iran is managed using a selective harvesting and logging system. Towards this attempt, the present study has been conducted to investigate the effect of forest harvesting on hydrological components in plot scale (2m*1m) with four replicates in tow slope scale (0-20%, 20-40%) in the northern forests of Iran during December 2014, December 2015. The rain depth was measured by using a rain gauge installed in the study area. The runoff volume and coefficient and sediment yield were also measured through field data collection and lab analyses by weighting and decantation methods. The results of the study showed that there was no significant effects of forest harvesting (P<0.05) on runoff volume and sediment yield and there was significant effects of seasons change (P<0.05) on sediment yield. So that, the ratios of runoff and runoff coefficient, and sediment concentration in harvested area was respectively found some 1/4, 2/3 and 1/16 times of those recorded for control forest area.


Bosch, J., Hewlett, J., 1982. A review of catchment experiments to determine the effect of vegetation changes on water yield and evapotranspiration. Journal of Hydrology 55(4), 3-23.
Bowes, M.J., House, W.A., Hodgkinson, R.A., Leach, D.V., 2005. Phosphorus-discharge hysteresis during storm events along a river catchment: the River Swale. Water Research 39, 751-762.
Brown, A.E., Zhang, L., McMohan, T.A., Western, A.W., Vertessy, R.A., 2005. A review of paired catchment studies for determining changes in water yield resulting from alterations in vegetation. Journal of Hydrology 310, 28-61
Chaves, J., Neill, C., Gemer, S., Neto, S.G., Krusche, A., Elsenbeer, H., 2008. Land Management Impacts on Runoff Sources in Small Amazon Watersheds. Hydrological Processes 22(12), 1766- 1775.
Cosandey, C., Andreassian, V., Martin, C., Didon-Lescot, J.F., Lavabre, J., Folton, N., Mathys, N., Richard, D., 2005. The Hydrological Impact of The Mediterranean Forest: a review of French research. Journal of Hydrology 301(1), 235-249.
Ghorbani, D., 2005. Effects of microclimate on Hirkani forest degradation. Forests Range Journal 64, 29-34 (In Persian).
Gyssels, G., Poesen, J., Bochet, E., Li, Y., 2005. Impact of plant roots on the resistance of soils to erosion by water: a review. Progress in Physical Geography 22, 189-217.
Harr, R., Harper, W., Krygier, J., Hsieh, F., 1975. Changes in storm hydrographs after road building and clear-cutting in Oregon coast range. Water Resources Research 1(3), 436-444.
Hartanto, H., Prabhu, R., Widayat, A.S.E. , Asdak, C., 2003. Factors affecting runoff and soil erosion: plot-level soil loss monitoring for assessing sustainability of forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 180, 361-374.
Hotta, N., kayama, T., Suzuki, M., 2007. Analysis of suspended sediment yields after low impact forest harvesting. Hydrological Processes 21, 3565-3575
Sensoy, H., Kara, O., 2014. Slope shape effect on runoff and soil erosion under natural rainfall conditions. iForest 7, 110-114.
Jones, J., Grant, G., 1996. Peak flow responses to clear-cutting and roads in small and large basins, western Cascades, Oregon. Water Resources Research 32(4), 959-974
Kuras, P., Alila, Y., Weiler, M., 2012. Forest harvesting effects on the magnitude and frequency of peak flows can increase with return period. Water Resources Research 48(1), 1- 19
Khazayi, M., Sadeghi, S.H.R., Mirnia, S.Kh., 2011. Hydrological effects of forest surface disturbance. Iranian Journal of forest 3, 2. 145-155 (In Persian)
Lal, R., 1996. Deforestation and land-use effects on soil degradation and rehabilitation in western Nigeria. Land Degrad Development 7, 99-119
Liu, B., Nearing, M., Risse, L., 1994. Slope gradient effects on soil loss for steep slopes. the American Society of Association Executives 37(6),1835-1840
Marques, M.J., Jiménez, L., Pérez-Rodríguez, R., García-Ormaechea, S., Bienes, R., 2007. Reducing water erosion in a gypsic soil by combined use of organic amendment and shrub revegetation. Land Degrad Development 16, 339-50.
Mohammad, A., Adam, M. A., 2010. The impact of vegetative cover type on runoff and soil erosion under different land uses. Catena 8, 97-103
Pamukcu, P., Serengil, Y., Yurtseven, I., 2014. Role of forest cover, land use change and climate change on water resources in Marmara basin of Turkey. iforest 8, 480-486
Richard, M., 2005. The Hydrological Impact of The Mediterranean Forest: a review of French research. Journal of Hydrology 301(1), 235- 249
Sensoy, H., Kara, O., 2014. Slope shape effect on runoff and soil erosion under natural rainfall conditions. iForest 7, 110-114.
Singer, M.J., Bissonnais, Y.L., 1998. Importance of surface sealing in the erosion of some soils from a Mediterranean climate. Geomorphology 24, 79-85
Suryatmojo, H., 2009. The Effect of Line Planting Toward Infiltration. In:Proceeding of international seminarresearch on plantation. forest management, 2-5 December, University of New Brunswick, Japan. pp. 65 -78
Suryatmojo, H. Masamitsu, F., Kosugi, K., Mizuyama, T., 2011. Effects of selective logging methods on runoff characteristics in paired small headwater catchment, In: Proceedings the third International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security, Procedia Environmental Sciences, 30 July, Kyoto University, Japan. pp. 221-229.
Swank, W. T., Swift, J.R., Douglass, J. E., 1988. Streamflow changes associated with forest cutting, species conversions, and natural disturbances. Forest Hydrology and Ecology at Coweeta 66, 297-312
Van Der Plas, M.C., Bruijnzeel, L.A. 1993. Impact of Mechanized Selective Logging of Rainforest on Topsoil Infiltrability in the Upper Segama Area, Sabah, Malaysia. Hydrology of Warm Humid Regions 216, 203-211
Vacca, A., Loddo, S., Ollesch, G., Puddu, R., Serr, G., Tomasi, D., Aru, A., 2000. Measurement of runoff and soil erosion in three areas under different land use inSardinio (Italy). Catena 40, 69–92
Zhang, Z. Q., Yu, X. X., Zhao, Y. T., Qin, Y. S., 2003. Advance in researches on the effect of forest on hydrological process. Chineses Journal of Appleid Ecology 14(1), 113-116
Zhang, X., Guo Qiang, Y., Zhan, B. L., Peng, L., 2013. Experimental Study on Slope Runoff, Erosion and Sediment under Different Vegetation Types. Water Resource Management 28, 2415-2433