Zoning and Evaluation of Tourism Comfort Climate of Shadegan International Wetland Using GIS and TCI Model

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Young Researchers & Elites Club, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

2 Department of the Environment, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.


In recent years multiple roles of wetland ecosystem and their values for human have increasingly been known, but their environmental and human life importance are usually considered to be less than their actual value. Wetlands are one of the most important critical areas in the world. Due to unique biodiversity and having high volume production, wetlands have special place from controlling role of hydraulic systems and importance of multilateral tourism, recreation, scientific, point of views. Shadegan International Wetland as one of the interesting and valuable natural landscapes of Iran has local, national and international value. In this research by using data obtained from synoptic and climatology stations in Khuzestan province and the closest area to the wetland for a period of 55 years (1957-2011) in addition using climate comfort index for tourism and GIS software edit 3/9 for interpolation, generalizing data points to zone data and incorporating maps, the appropriate periods for presence of tourists in Shadegan International Wetland were determined. Subsequently a high volume of data using Excel software version 2010 were classified and processed. The results revealed thatin April, tourism climate comfort index in the northern part of the wetland is in a good condition, while in the central and southern parts it is excellent. In addition across the region has more favorable condition in March than other month of the year has the more favorable conditions, so that reception of tourists to the area is excellent.